22 June 2017

Russisch - 100 Worte Grundschatz

Getränke
Getränke  напиток      napitok
Wassser    вода            voda
Saft           сок              sok
Kaffee       кофе           kofe

Milch        молоко        malako
Limonade  лимонад     limonad
Wein          вино            wino

Bier            пиво            biva
Tee              чай             chai
trinken (unvoll.) -   пить         pit'
austrinken (voll.) - выпить     vypit'


Begrüßung und Abschied - Teil 1 und 2
Begrüßung                  приветствие                 privetstvie
hallo                            привет                          privet
willkommen                добро пожаловать       dobro pozhalovit'

guten Tag                     добрый день                dobryjj  din'
gute Nacht                   спокойной ночи           spokojjnojj nochi
wie geht's                     как дела                         kak dela

gut                                хорошо                           khorosho
ausgezeichnet               отлично                          otlichno
guten Abend                 добрый вечер                 dobryjj vecher

bis bald                          до скорого                      do skorogo
alles in Ordnung            всё в порядке                 vsjo v porjadke
entschuldigen Sie          извините                          izvinite
vorstellen (unvoll. - voll.)  представлять - представить
                                            predstavljat'   -  predstavit'

grüßen (wörtl. hallo übermitteln) (unvoll. - voll.)
                                     передавать привет              peredavat' privet
                                      передать привет
gute Reise                     счастливого пути            schastlivogo puti
sehr angenehm              очень приятно                 ochen' prijatno

bis morgen                        до завтра                       do zavtra
sehen (unvoll. - voll.)       видеть                             videt'
                                         - увидеть                         yfidet'
sich zufällig treffen (unvoll. - voll.)
                                 случайно встречаться            sluchajjno vstretit'sja
                                 - случайно встретиться

Erlaubnis - Grundwortschatz
Erlaubnis            разрешение                         razrezhenie
ja                        да                                          da
nein                    нет                                         njet
dürfen, können (unvoll. - voll.)                       moch'
                           мочь - смочь                        smoch'

bitte                    пожалуйста                          pojazhalsta
danke                  спасибо                                spasibo
Verbot                 запрет                                   zapret

streng                   строгий                                strogi
abhalten (unvoll. - voll.)
                              удерживать - удержать       uderzhevat - uderzhat
erlauben (unvoll. - voll.)
                               разрешать - разрешить       razrezhat' - razrezhit'

Zahlen
Zahl                     число                     chislo
null                      ноль                        nol'
eins                      один                        odin
zwei                     два                           dva
drei                      три                           tri
vier                      четыре                     chetyre
fünf                      пять                         pjat'

sechs                     шесть                                 shest'
sieben                    семь                                   sem'
acht                       восемь                                vosem'
neun                      девять                                 devjat'
zehn                      десять                                 desjat'
zählen, rechnen (unvoll. - voll.)                       schitat'
                              считать - посчитать

Zahlen - Aufbauwortschatz
elf                               одиннадцать                odinnadcat'
zwölf                           двенадцать                  dvenadcat'
dreizehn                       тринадцать                  trinadcat'
vierzehn                       четырнадцать              chetyrnadcat'

fünfzehn                       пятнадцать                  pjatnadcat'
sechzehn                      шестнадцать                shestnadcat'
siebzehn                       семнадцать                   semnadcat'
achtzehn                       восемнадцать              vosemnadcat'
neunzehn                      девятнадцать               defjatnadcat'
zwanzig                        двадцать                       dvadcat'

Zeit - Grundwortschatz
Zeit                   время                                     vremja
Uhr                   часы                                        chasy
Stunde               час                                          chas
Minute               минута                                   minuta

Sekunde              секунда                              sekunda      
halbe Stunde        полчаса                             polchasa
jetzt                      сейчас                               sejjchas

später                    позже                                pozzhe
bald                       скоро                                skoro
warten (unvoll. - voll.)                                   zhdat'
                              ждать - подождать

Menge - Grundwortschatz
Menge                     количество                      kolichestvo
wie viel, wie viele   сколько                            skol'ko
groß                          большой                         bol'shojj
klein                         маленький                      malen'kijj

mehr                         больше                           bol'she
weniger                     меньше                          men'she
Liter                           литр                              litr

Flasche                       бутылка                        butylka
Stück                           кусок                            kusok
messen (unvoll. - voll.)                         merit - izmerit'
                                     мерить - измерить

Farben - Grundwortschatz
Farbe                             цвет                            cvet
blau                               синий                         sinijj
rot                                  красный                     krasnyjj
grün                               зелёный                     zeljonyjj

gelb                                жёлтый                      zhjoltyjj
braun                              коричневый               korichnevyjj
schwarz                          чёрный                       chjornyjj

weiß                                белый                         belyjj
hell                                  светлый                      svetlyjj
dunkel                             тёмный                       tjomnyjj

 Empfindungen - Grundwortschatz
 Empfindung                   ощущение                  oshhushhenie
Vergnügen                      удовольствие               udovol'stvie
Hunger                           голод                            golod
Durst                              жажда                           zhazhda

Schmerz                         боль                               bol'
Überraschung                 удивление                     udivlenie
nervös                             нервный                        nervnyjj

müde                               усталый                        ustalyjj
Angst                               страх                            strakh
sich langweilen (unvoll.) скучать                        skuchat'


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